A study encompassing 75,171 children without intellectual impairment who were 4 to 17 years old and part of the 2011 to 2012 National Survey of Children’s Health, conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) obtained information on demographics, vision, ADHD status and other chronic childhood conditions. Among these children, 8.4% were estimated to have the diagnosis of ADHD and of those 2.7% of them had vision related issues. The statistics revealed that children with mild or moderate vision problems were more likely to have a current diagnosis of ADHD than those without vision problems. The study also showed that the percentage of males with vision problems was greater than females, and those with vision problems were more likely to be born 3 or more weeks prematurely. Children from a family income less than 200% above the poverty line also were more likely to have vision problems.
The importance of monitoring and managing vision related problems early in childhood and to look out for signs and symptoms of ADHD should be made aware to parents of children that you see in your office.